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#StrengthsBased Tools to Address Mood Disorders
#counselingtechniques #counselor

• Define the transdiagnostic and transactional theories
• Define the strengths-based approach
• Define anger, anxiety & depression
• Examine the connection between depression, anger and anxiety
• Explore types of threats
• Explore strengths-based, transdiagnostic intervention techniques
Transdiagnostic & Transactional Approaches
• Transdiagnostic Model
• Asserts that many symptoms are common to many disorders such as
• Changes in sleeping patterns
• Changes in eating patterns
• Irritability
• Fatigue
• Transactional Model
• Asserts that there is a reciprocal interaction between everything.
• Transactions can be positive or negative

What Does Strengths Based Mean
• At its core, counseling often seeks to transform people into what they are not
• It is easier (and more effective) to build upon something that already works to some extent.
• Strengths-based approach helps people identify how they are already trying to cope and builds on that
• What receives attention or focus becomes what we (or the client) strive(s) for and eventually becomes a reality (Neuroplasticity and the ECN-DMN)
• There are two types of strengths
• Prevention/Resilience Strengths
• What you do on a daily basis to stay healthy and happy
• Intervention/Coping Strengths
• In the past when you have felt this way, what helped?
• What made it worse?

Transactional Analysis of Chronic Dis-Stress
• Threat Response System is triggered
• Person attempts to fight or flee but is unsuccessful
• Threat Response System continues to protect the person
• Sleep and circadian rhythms are impaired
• Hormones regulating sleep and feeding are impaired
• Irritability increases as the stress load increases
• Exhaustion sets in
• Lack of quality sleep, poor nutrition and continuation of stress response causes neurotransmitter & hormone imbalance
• Excitatory neurotransmitters go into conservation/tolerance mode
• Concentration becomes difficult
• Motivation wanes (Apathy, Lack of pleasure)
• Hopelessness and helplessness sets in (Depression)

Where can “strengths” be capitalized on to interrupt this cascade?
What is the PACER Integrative Approach
• Physical
• Neurochemicals
• Nutrition
• Sleep
• Sunlight & Circadian Rhythms
• Affective & Cognitive
• Mindfulness (DMN)
• Distress Tolerance
• Coping Skills
• Cognitive Restructuring
• Environmental
• Housing
• Sensory
• Safety
• Financial
• Community
• Relational
• Self-esteem and your relationship with self
• Relationships with healthy, supportive others

How are these strengths and how can we capitalize on them?
Apply it to Anger, Anxiety, Depression
• Physical
• Affective/Cognitive
• Threats
• Death (loss of life, ability, dreams, perceptions…)
• Rejection/Isolation
• Loss of Control / The Unknown
• Failure
• Environmental
• Relational
• Spiritual
• A strengths-based approach helps people recognize and capitalize upon their resources and build on neural networks that already exist.
• A strengths-based approach helps recognize the transactional nature of emotions, thoughts and behaviors
• A strengths-based approach seeks to help the person become more authentic and

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Video by Dr. Dawn Elise Snipes on integrative behavioral health approaches including counseling techniques and skills for improving mental health and reducing mental illness.